0x Documentation


Learn about the NFT features added to 0x V4
Support for NFT swaps is available on all 0x-integrated blockchains (see list of supported chain in the Exchange Proxy Address section of0x Cheat Sheet). This doc gives an overview of the NFT features. We invite you to join our Discord and share feedback in the #dev-feedback.


We are working with our ecosystem partners on developer tooling and integrations. If you are looking to quickly integrate NFT swap functionality into your app, Trader’s NFT Swap SDK (github | docs) is the best place to start. The Swap SDK currently supports 0x v4 on all chains on which the protocol is deployed. You can find code examples here.

NFT Order Formats and Contract Interfaces

For details on order formats and contract interfaces, refer to the protocol documentation for ERC721Orders and ERC1155Orders.

0x Order Flow Basics

For background, all 0x orders are created off-chain, and only the trade settlement occurs on-chain. Read How does 0x work? for a more detailed explanation of this paradigm.
NFT swap orders created on 0x also follow this paradigm.
For an overview of creating a 0x order and adding NFT Swap functionality int your DApp, checkout this video.


Users can sign an off-chain order to indicate that they are interested in:
  • selling a particular NFT for some amount of ERC20 token (or ETH), or
  • buying a particular NFT for some amount of ERC20 token.
There are two Solidity order structs:
ERC1155Order has one additional field compared to ERC721Order, used to specify the amount of the ERC1155 being bought or sold. This would be used for fungible ERC1155 assets.
The TradeDirection enum is used to indicate whether an order is a bid or an ask:
enum TradeDirection {

Collection Offers

In lieu of specifying a particular token ID, buy orders can specify a list of properties that an NFT asset must satisfy to be used to fill the order.
These properties are encoded using the following struct:
struct Property {
IPropertyValidator propertyValidator;
bytes propertyData;
where propertyValidator implements the following function:
/// @dev Checks that the given ERC721/ERC1155 asset satisfies the properties encoded in `propertyData`.
/// Should revert if the asset does not satisfy the specified properties.
/// @param tokenAddress The ERC721/ERC1155 token contract address.
/// @param tokenId The ERC721/ERC1155 tokenId of the asset to check.
/// @param propertyData Encoded properties or auxiliary data needed to perform the check.
function validateProperty(
address tokenAddress,
uint256 tokenId,
bytes calldata propertyData
A property validator contract could check that the provided tokenId has a particular attribute, which would be encoded in propertyData.
Properties are validated as follows:
// Validate each property
for (uint256 i = 0; i < order.nftProperties.length; i++) {
LibNFTOrder.Property memory property = order.nftProperties[i];
// `address(0)` is interpreted as a no-op. Any token ID
// will satisfy a property with `propertyValidator == address(0)`.
if (address(property.propertyValidator) == address(0)) {
// Call the property validator and throw a descriptive error
// if the call reverts.
try property.propertyValidator.validateProperty(
) {} catch (bytes memory errorData) {
By using a single Property with propertyValidator = address(0), one can create "collection" or "floor" orders –– these orders can be filled using any NFT from a particular collection.


An order can specify fees to be paid out during settlement, denominated in the ERC20 token of the order. Both ERC721Order and ERC1155Order have a Fee[] fees field, where Fee is the following struct:
struct Fee {
address recipient;
uint256 amount;
bytes feeData;
For each Fee specified in an order, the buyer of the NFT will pay the fee recipient the given amount of ETH/ERC20 tokens. This is in addition to the erc20TokenAmount that the buyer is paying for the NFT itself. There is an optional callback for each fee:
// Note that the fee callback is _not_ called if zero
// `feeData` is provided. If `feeData` is provided, we assume
// the fee recipient is a contract that implements the
// `IFeeRecipient` interface.
if (fee.feeData.length > 0) {
// Invoke the callback
bytes4 callbackResult = IFeeRecipient(fee.recipient).receiveZeroExFeeCallback(
useNativeToken ? NATIVE_TOKEN_ADDRESS : address(order.erc20Token),
// Check for the magic success bytes
Disbursing multiple fees during order settlement can be costly, so instead an order can specify a single Fee, the recipient of which is a contract that would handle splitting the fee between multiple recipients using a withdrawal model.

Handling Native Tokens

0x V4 gracefully handles wrapping and unwrapping of native tokens. In the following, we refer to ETH and WETH, but those are interchangeable with whatever the native token and wrapped native token equivalents are for your chain of choice (e.g. BNB and WBNB on BSC).
A buy order must use WETH instead of ETH, since we require the ERC20 transferFrom functionality to transfer WETH from the maker to the taker. Even so, the taker can choose to receive ETH when filling a WETH sell order by setting the unwrapNativeToken parameter to true in sellERC721 or sellERC1155.
A sell order can specify either ETH or WETH, i.e. the buyer can indicate whether they would like to receive ETH or WETH. A WETH sell order can be filled by a taker using ETH: the buyERC721 and buyERC1155 functions are payable and the msg.value can be used to fill a WETH sell order.

onERC721Received and onERC1155Received

0x V4 implements the ERC721 and ERC1155 callback functions. If an order and signature are encoded in the data parameter of a safeTransferFrom call, the 0x contract will try to fill the given order using the NFT asset transferred to it. This allows takers to fill an NFT buy order without needing to first approving the 0x contract.

Order Matching

The matchERC721Orders function can be used to simultaneously fill a sell order and a buy order if:
  • They are buying/selling the same ERC721 asset, or the sell order is selling an asset that satisfies the properties specified by the buy order
  • There is a profitable spread (after fees), i.e. the following quantity is non-negative: profit = buyOrder.erc20TokenAmount - sellOrder.erc20TokenAmount - sellOrderFees
Order matching is currently only supported for ERC721 orders. Support for ERC1155 order matching will be added at a future date if there is sufficient interest.

On-chain Listings

Orders can be simultaneously "signed" and listed on-chain using the preSignERC721Order or preSignERC1155Order functions.
If an order has been pre-signed, it can be filled by providing a “null” signature with the PRESIGNED signature type (see LibSignature.sol):
signatureType: LibSignature.SignatureType.PRESIGNED,
v: uint8(0),
r: bytes32(0),
s: bytes32(0)
The pre-sign functions emits the entire order as an event, so that the order is easily indexable by subgraphs and thus easily discoverable without the need for an off-chain database.
Smart contracts cannot sign orders in the traditional sense, but the pre-sign functions enable them to create NFT orders.